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Medicare Enrollment denials when overpayment exists with example
What you need to know
This article, based on CR 8039, informs you that Medicare contractors may deny a Form CMS-855 enrollment application if the current owner of the enrolling provider or supplier or the enrolling physician or non-physician practitioner has an existing or delinquent overpayment that has not been repaid in full at the time an application for new enrollment or change of ownership (CHOW) is filed.
Under 42 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) Section 424.530(a)(6), an enrollment application may be denied if the current owner (as that term is defined in 42 CFR Section 424.502) of the applying provider or supplier, or the applying physician or non-physician practitioner has an existing or delinquent overpayment that has not been repaid in full at the time the application was filed.(Under 42 CFR 424.502, the term “owner” means any individual or entity that has any partnership interest in, or that has 5 percent or more direct or indirect ownership of the provider or supplier as defined in Sections 1124 and 1124A(A) of the Social Security Act) of the applying provider or supplier) Overpayments are Medicare payments that a provider or beneficiary has received in excess of amounts due and payable under the statute and regulations. Once a determination of an overpayment has been made, the amount is a debt owed by the debtor to the United States Government.
Upon receipt of a CMS-855A, CMS-855B, or CMS-855S application, the Medicare contractor will determine – whether any of the owners listed in Section 5 or 6 of the application has an existing or delinquent Medicare overpayment.
Upon receipt of a CMS-855I application, the Medicare contractor will determine whether the physician or non-physician practitioner has an existing or delinquent Medicare overpayment. (For purposes of this requirement, the term “non-physician practitioner” includes physician assistants, nurse practitioners, clinical nurse specialists, certified registered nurse anesthetists, certified nurse-midwives, clinical social workers, clinical psychologists, and registered dietitians or nutrition professionals.)
If an owner, physician, or non-physician practitioner has such an overpayment, the contractor shall deny the application, using 42 CFR 424.530(a)(6) as the basis.
Consider the following examples:
Example #1: Hospital X has a $200,000 overpayment. It terminates its Medicare enrollment. Three months later, it reopens as Hospital Y and submits a new CMS-855A application for enrollment as such. A denial is not warranted because §424.530 (a)(6) only applies to physicians, practitioners, and owners.
Example #2: Dr. John Smith’s practice (“Smith Medicine”) is set up as a sole proprietorship. He incurs a $50,000 overpayment. He terminates his Medicare enrollment. Six months later, he tries to enroll as a sole proprietorship; his practice is named “JS Medicine.” A denial is warranted because §424.530 (a)(6) applies to physicians and the $50,000 overpayment was attached to him as the sole proprietor.
Example #3: Dr. John Smith’s practice (“Smith Medicine”) is set up as a sole proprietorship. He incurs a $50,000 overpayment. He terminates his Medicare enrollment. Six months later, he tries to enroll as an LLC of which he is only a 30 percent owner; the practice is named “JS Medicine, LLC.” A denial is not warranted because the provision applies to “all” owners collectively and, again, the $50,000 overpayment was attached to him.
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